The IOM office in Turkmenistan officially was opened at the end of September, 1997. Turkmenistan joined to the International Organization for Migration as an observer state in November, 1997. The Agreement of cooperation between Turkmenistan and the International Organization for Migration was signed in June, 1998.
The suitable geographic position of Turkmenistan between Asia and Europe makes this region very attractive for using its territory as transit country or country of destination for people from neighboring countries where cases of troubles and military conflicts occurred. These facts induced the Turkmen government to establish in February 2003 a separate Agency deals with all migration issues- the State Service of Turkmenistan for Registration of Foreigners.